By Dr. Navras Jaat Aafreedi – Tazpit News Agency –

muslim_jewish_motherIt is the stuff of which films are made and novels are written. His absorbing story is such that it connects three continents, Asia, Europe and North America, five countries India, Israel, Canada, United Kingdom and Pakistan, and two communities seen as natural adversaries today, the Jews and the Muslims.

Urdu poet and Hafiz-e-Qur’an (one who has memorised the entire Qur’an), Mahfooz Ahmad Khan ‘Soz Malihabadi’ was absolutely ignorant of his Jewish maternal side until he received a letter, dated October 16th , 1995, from his London-based Jewish aunt one day at his modest dwelling in Kakori in Lucknow district, in which she wrote: “I am very happy to know from my cousin David that he could find your address…I and Ghazala [younger aunt] had a very hard life when my uncles and aunt sent us to Israel in 1956. The life was hard because I was only 17 years old and Ghazala was eleven. We had no one in Israel, no parents, no brothers…A person can write a tragic story about us. I lived in Israel from 1956 to 1965. It was a very hard country to live in at that time, though things are better now…Ghazala got married in 1964…and in 1965 I immigrated to Toronto, Canada; lived there for one year, and again immigrated to London…I tried to find your phone number from the international operator, but I was told that you are not listed in the phone book…”

Soz had grown up hearing that his mother passed away when he was very young. The next letter from his aunt, dated November 25th, 1995, proved to be the catalyst that set him on the search for his mother, Rehana (nee Rahmah), about whom he discovered from the letter that she was still alive and lived in the neighboring country Pakistan: “You asked me about your mother…She is okay. Her husband died five years ago. She had a daughter Raana who expired in 1980; she was only twenty-one years old. Ranna died while giving birth to her fourth child. Your mother in Karachi has three grandchildren. She had a very tragic past; we will talk about it. I do not know how she survived all the difficulties. Anyway, we have to talk about so many things…”

Born in a Baghdadi Jewish family resident in Mumbai, Rehana married a young Pashtun named Maqbool Ahmad Khan in 1947. In 1950, their second child, Mahfooz Ahmad Khan, who later came to be known as Soz Malihabadi, was born to the couple. Soon Maqbool’s thriving business failed, reducing him to penny pinching and souring his relations with his wife, who aspired to be a film actor. In 1955 they got divorced and Rehana married a Pakistani Airforce officer and moved to Pakistan, leaving behind her two little sons and two orphan younger sisters in her former husband Maqbool’s custody. In 1956 Soz Malihabadi’s young orphan aunts, Khatoon and Ghazala reached Israel under the Zionist program of Youth Aliyah emigration to Israel, aimed at the ingathering of Jewish exiles from around the world, while Soz with his father moved to his ancestral village, midway between Malihabad and Kakori in Lucknow district.

When Soz met his aunts in Mumbai after an epoch of forty years, he inquired about his mother’s whereabouts, but strangely enough they refused to divulge it to him. Not losing hope, Soz made a trip to Karachi, Pakistan, in search of his mother, but to no avail. The posture taken by his aunts absolutely disillusioned him and he severed all ties with them. The Muslim son is still in search of his Jewish mother.


The author is a scholar of Indo-Judaic Studies, an Assistant Professor of History at Gautam Buddha University, India


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here