By Rabbi Yossy Goldman
Devarim is the parashah associated with Tishah B’Av, the Jewish national day of mourning. On this Shabbos, we hear the famous haftarah of Chazon, the Vision of Isaiah, always read immediately prior to Tishah B’Av. And after Shabbos, we will recall the destruction of our Holy Temple nearly 2,000 years ago.
But why remember? The world cannot understand why we go on about the Holocaust, and that was only in the last century! For over 19 centuries, we have been remembering and observing this event, and it has become the saddest day on our calendar. Why? Why not let bygones be bygones? It’s history. Why keep revisiting old and painful visions?
They say that Napoleon was once passing through the Jewish ghetto in Paris and heard sounds of crying and wailing emanating from a synagogue. He stopped to ask what the lament was about. He was told that the Jews were remembering the destruction of their Temple. “When did this happen?” asked the emperor. “Some 1,700 years ago,” was the answer he received. Whereupon Napoleon stated with conviction that a people that never forgot its past would be destined to forever have a future.
In the words of Elie Wiesel, “Jews never had history. We have memory.” History can become a book, a museum, and forgotten antiquities. Memory is alive, memories reverberate, and memory guarantees our future. Even amidst the ruins, we refused to forget.
The First Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians. As they led the Jews into captivity, the Jews sat down and wept. “By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept, remembering Zion.” What did they cry of? Their lost wealth, homes, and businesses? No. They cried for Zion and Jerusalem. “If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand lose its cunning. If I fail to elevate Jerusalem above my foremost joy, then let my tongue cleave to its palate.” They were not weeping for themselves or their lost liberties, but for the heavenly city and the Holy Temple. Amidst the bondage, they aspired to rebuild; amidst the ruins they dreamt of returning.
And because we refused to forget Jerusalem, we did return. And because we refused to accept defeat or accept our exile as a historical fait accompli, we have rebuilt proud Jewish communities the world over, while our victors have been vanquished by time. Today there are no more Babylonians, and the people who now live in Rome are not the Romans who destroyed the Second Temple. Those nations became history while we, inspired by memory, emerged revitalized and regenerated, and forever it will be true that Am Yisrael chai.
I remember the late Reb Shlomo Carlebach telling a story from the Holocaust of a Torah scholar and his nephew. In the concentration camp, they studied the Talmud together. They were learning Moed Kattan, a part of the Talmud that, ironically, also discusses the laws of mourning. And when the time came that the uncle saw himself staring death in the face, he said to his nephew, “Promise me that if you survive, you will finish studying this book of Moed Kattan.” Amidst the misery, desolation, and tragedy, what thought preoccupied his mind? That the Talmud should still be studied. This was his last wish on earth. Was it madness, or is it the very secret of our survival?
Only if we refuse to forget, only if we observe Tishah B’Av, can we hope to rebuild one day. Indeed, the Talmud assures us, “Whosoever mourns for Jerusalem will merit to witness her rejoicing.” If we are to make it back to Zion, if our people are to harbor the hope of being restored and revived, then we dare not forget. We need to observe our national day of mourning every year. Forgo the movies and the restaurants. Sit down on a low seat to mourn with your people and, perhaps even more importantly, to remember. And, please G‑d, He will restore those glorious days and rebuild His own everlasting house. May it be speedily in our day.
Rabbi Yossy Goldman was born in Brooklyn and was sent in 1976 by the Lubavitcher Rebbe as an emissary to serve the Jewish community of Johannesburg, South Africa. He is Senior Rabbi of the Sydenham Shul and president of the South African Rabbinical Association. His sefer “From Where I Stand: Life Messages from the Weekly Torah Reading” was published by Ktav and is available at Jewish book shops or online at www.ktav.com.