There were a fair few grumbles amongÂ Americans as the election approached – but none, thankfully, about the factÂ women or ethnic minorities were unable to vote.
Turn back the clocks 150 years, and it wouldÂ have been a very different story, with the outcome of the election also greatlyÂ changed.
BuzzfeedÂ has taken this year’s exit polls for gender,Â colour and age, and compiled maps showing whether the states would have turnedÂ blue or red before universal suffrage.
The maps interestingly reveal just how muchÂ Obama relied on the votes of America’s women and ethnic minorities compared toÂ the staggering percentage of white men who supported Romney.
In 1850, only white men could vote. One mapÂ reveals how, if Tuesday’s election was solely judged on the votes from whiteÂ men, Romney would have enjoyed a landslide victory.
Only Oregon, Washington, Maine, MassachusettsÂ and Vermont would be blue, with Romney securing a staggering 501 electoral votesÂ to Obama’s 37.
By 1870 – until 1920 – voters expanded to allÂ men, which would have shifted the results slightly – yet Romney would still haveÂ secured a winning 322 electoral votes.
By 1920, women were allowed to vote, yetÂ there were still massive hurdles for minorities, so Buzzfeed drew a man showingÂ only white men and women.
A few extra states turn blue – Iowa, NewÂ Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Delaware – but again, redÂ dominates. Romney would have won 441 electoral votes compared to Obama’sÂ 97.
In 1971, the voting age was lowered to 18Â from 24; a map for 1970 only includes the votes made in 2012 by people olderÂ than 24.
Finally, Obama secures a win, with his 276Â electoral votes just surpassing Romney’s 262.
These can be compared to the actual electionÂ map, which shows the 332 electoral votes for Democrats and the 206 forÂ Republicans.
While the central states remain largelyÂ red,Â the coastal and northeastern states are blue – revealing just howÂ key women,Â ethnic minorities and voters under 24 were in securing Obama a secondÂ term.
Exit polls revealed that the percentage ofÂ votes by ethnic minorities has swelled since 2008, and the majority of theseÂ were won by Obama.
Seventy-one per cent of Hispanic voters, 73Â per cent of Asian voters and a massive 93 per cent of African-American votersÂ supported Obama.
But while his popularity among these groupsÂ swelled, he received just 39 per cent of white votes, down by four per cent onÂ the last election, a drop his campaign had anticipated.
Romney secured 59 per cent of the white voteÂ – the largest majority achieved by any presidential candidate in U.S. historyÂ who then failed to win.
And as the maps suggest, 52 per cent of menÂ voted for Republicans, compared to just 44 per cent of women. Obama won just 36Â per cent of votes made by white males.
Source: Daily Mail