An Israeli police officer speaks to an ultra-Orthodox Jewish student at a Yeshiva (Talmudic school) in Bnei Barak, a city east of Tel Aviv with a significant ultra-Orthodox Jewish population, on April 2, 2020, as part of measures imposed by Israeli authorities against the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. - Israeli police backed by surveillance helicopters have stepped up patrols of ultra-Orthodox Jewish neighbourhoods that have become coronavirus hotspots. (Photo by JACK GUEZ / AFP) (Photo by JACK GUEZ/AFP via Getty Images)

(JTA) — Thousands of police officers and soldiers in Israel on Friday began imposing the country’s second lockdown due to the coronavirus.

The number of COVID-19 cases has skyrocketed to record levels in recent weeks.

The lockdown, which went into effect Friday, is the first time that a Western country has imposed a second nationwide confinement order, It is scheduled to last at least until  Oct. 2.

Police have set up 38 roadblocks and checkpoints in an operation they are calling “Triumphant Responsibility.”

Pedestrian and vehicular traffic in large cities, including Jerusalem, was normal just before the lockdown went into effect at 2 p.m. local time, Ynet reported, because residents had stocked up on supplies in the days before the lockdown, which was announced over a week ago.

Its first day coincides with the eve of Rosh Hashanah, the first of the High Holidays. The High Holiday season, including Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, ends on Oct. 11.

During the lockdown, residents are required to stay within 1,000 yard of their homes and refrain from staying at other homes or beaches, except for exercise. A maximum of 10 people may gather in closed spaces, including synagogues, and 20 in open ones as long as they adhere to social distancing protocol. Schools are shut down except for special education institutions.

Employees who cannot perform their professional duties remotely may travel to work but cannot receive non-employees there.

Restaurants may provide takeout orders but are closed to the public, as are swimming pools, gyms and theaters. Pharmacies and supermarkets will remain open.

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