Hayom/Exclusive to JNS.org) The 2012 Index of Arab-Jewish Relations in Israel, conducted
by the Israel Democracy Institute, shows an undercurrent of alienation and
radicalization of Israel’s Arabs toward the Jewish state, with a concurrent but
opposite undercurrent of Jewish Israeli softening of attitudes toward the
Israeli Arab minority.
“For the 10 years spanning 2003 and
2012, the index is marked by the trend of a toughening of Arab attitudes toward
the Jewish character of the state and its Jewish majority, but by stability or
even a certain moderation in Jewish attitudes toward Israel’s Arab citizens,”
the IDI report stated.
The survey shows that while Jews are
open to a degree of change, the Arabs perceive themselves as absolute victims
and expect the Jewish population to make all the concessions, while refusing to
take any steps to win the trust and good will of the state and of the Jews or
to motivate Jews to effect change.
The index reveals that 58.6 percent of
Arab respondents agreed with the statement that “it is justified that the
Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip start a third intifada if the
political stalemate continues.”
Most Arab respondents–62.4 percent–feel that it is impossible
to trust most Jews (55.6 percent in 2003), and 82.2 percent accused Jews of the
“Nakba” (the “Catastrophe” of Israel’s founding in 1948), a rise from 65.3
percent in 2003.
As for the Jewish perspective, a
significant percentage of Jewish respondents were ready to accept Arab citizens
as neighbors (45.7 percent in 2012, compared with 34.5 percent in 2003), as students
in Jewish schools (54.8 percent in 2012, up from 51.5 percent in 2003), and
Arab political parties in government coalitions (52.8 percent in 2012, up from
47.4 percent in 2003).