By Rabbi Yair Hoffman
The Rema, Shulchan Aruch (O.C. 493:2) writes that on Lag B’Omer we engage slightly in simcha. Observing Lag B’Omer is a serious matter. The Magen Avraham cites the Kavanos HaArizal that discusses a certain individual who had the habit of reciting “Nachem” every day. He continued to do so on Lag B’Omer as well. For doing so he was punished. We see, therefore, that one should take the words of the Rema quite seriously.
A number of reasons are cited by Torah authorities for commemorating Lag B’Omer:
– It commemorates that the students of Rabbi Akiva ceased dying during this day, although the deaths persisted between Pesach and Shavuos. (Shela, Pesachim 525)
– This day is the yahrzeit of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, who revealed the inner secrets of the Torah. (Chayei Adam, Moadim 131:11)
– This is the day that Rabbi Akiva granted ordination to his five students, among them Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai. They did not die in the plague that struck Rabbi Akiva’s other students. (Pri Chadash, O.C. 493)
– It also commemorates the manna, which began to fall on this day after the Bnei Yisrael left Egypt. (Responsa Chasam Sofer, Y.D. #233, “Omnam yadati”)
Of Rabbi Akiva
The Talmud (Yevamos 62b) tells us that 12,000 pairs of Rabbi Akiva’s students died on account of the fact that they did not extend honor to one another. Rav Chatzkel Levenstein, zt’l, asks how it could be that the great students of Rabbi Akiva neglected this most basic of principles.
His answer is most illuminating. Our rabbis teach us that kinah, kavod, and taavah–jealousy, the pursuit of honor, and the pursuit of desires–take one out of this world. “If so,” Rabbi Akiva’s students reasoned, “how can we accord each other this spiritual poison?”
Rabbi Levenstein explains that they were unaware that, in fact, honor is only poisonous when one seeks it. But when one extends it to another it is not poisonous at all. When we build the self-esteem of others, it is actually quite healthy. Rav Levenstein explains that this notion is very subtle and nuanced and it could well be that the notion itself was only revealed in the world at that time. Why then were they punished? They were smart enough to have been able to figure out this issue by themselves. Having neglected to delve into this psychological insight was their error.
Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai
Rashbi (Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai), whose yahrzeit we observe on this day, merited to compose two extraordinary books that form part of the Zohar. They are the Adara Rabbah and the Adara Zutah. Rav Yosef Chaim, in his responsa (Rav Pe’alim, Y.D. #156) explains why it was that Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, above and beyond the Tannaim who were his masters, merited to write these extraordinary books. He explains that although his teachers and masters were greater than he was, he had the ability of couching these teachings in esoteric terms. Indeed, Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai was so adept at obscuring the true understanding of these thoughts, that they could even be expounded upon publicly, and only those that truly merited understanding them would be able to figure out their inner meaning and import. According to this, we commemorate the fact that Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai not only transmitted these remarkable teachings, but also vouchsafed them in such a manner that they not be abused or taught to those who are unworthy.
The ordination that Rabbi Akiva conferred on his five students was a heroic event that changed the course of Jewish history and that of the world. These students were Rabbi Meir, Rabbi Yehudah, Rabbi Yossi, Rabbi Shimon, and Rabbi Elazar ben Shamoa. Under the pressure of the dark forces of Roman tyranny and religious oppression, these valiant scholars, who were privy to the noblest ideas of the Torah, its teachings, and oral traditions, knew that no matter what the cost, they must ensure the continuity of these teachings. They were the future educators of us all.
It was a point in time when the forces of evil and darkness were pitted against goodness and light. The light of Torah ultimately won out, and Torah Judaism was to affect and alter the world. We commemorate this remarkable event on this day of Lag B’Omer.
The manna represents the spiritual nourishment that Gâ€‘d granted the Jewish people upon their departure from Egypt. Manna allowed us, the Jewish people, to develop a close bond, a dveikus, with the Creator that has defined who we are as a nation. Although the manna no longer falls, the admonition that the Jewish people have to continue that bond, to continue imitating Gâ€‘d and attempting to be like Him, has never ceased.
The Talmud (Shabbos 133b) tells us “Mah Hu rachum v’chanun af attah rachum v’chanun. Just as He is merciful, so should you be merciful. Just as He is kind, so too must you be kind. Just as He clothes the poor, so should you clothe the poor. Just as He buries the dead, so should you bury the dead.”
This is the message of the manna that exists to this day, and this is what Lag B’Omer commemorates.
Nonetheless, perhaps due to the deaths of so many of Rabbi Akiva’s students, the minhag is to celebrate a little bit and not to make it into a full-fledged holiday. The Chasam Sofer points out that our Talmud does not mention it as a holiday at all.
So how do we observe this day? The Bnei Yissasschar states that the custom is to light a number of candles in shul. We do not fast on this day, even for a yahrzeit, except in the case of a bad dream. We do not recite Tachanun on this day, nor on the Minchah before it. People get married and attend weddings. We join in with singing and dancing, and we listen to music (see Pri Megadim Eishel Avraham 493:1).
So as we hear the song and dance of the Jewish weddings and the words “Od yishama, Let it still be heard in the cities of Yehudah and in the outskirts of Jerusalem, the sound of joy and the sound of happiness, the sound of the groom and the sound of the bride,” let us think of these four reasons: Building the self-esteem of others and according others due honor is of utmost importance; vouchsafing the teachings of the Torah is paramount; Jewish continuity and education is key; and the spiritual bond and dveikus that we have with Hashem should be central to our lives.
May Hashem bring the geulah shleimah speedily in our days! v
The author can be reached at Yairhoffman2@gmail.com.